In this article, we’ll cover the 30 Windows command prompt commands to troubleshoot and manage Windows devices.
1. Launching Command Prompt
- To start, press the Windows Key + R on your keyboard
- Enter ‘cmd‘ and click ‘OK’
- Commands are typed into this screen, followed by the ‘Enter’ key on your keyboard.
2. IP Configuration
ipconfig: View your computer’s IP address and basic network information.
ipconfig /all: Get more detailed information, including MAC addresses and DNS servers.
ipconfig /displaydns: See all the websites your computer knows about and their IP addresses.
ipconfig /flushdns: Delete your DNS resolver cache, removing old, stale DNS entries.
3. Filtering Output with Find String
findstr: Use this command to filter output from other commands, such as
ipconfig /all | findstr DNS.
4. IP Address Management
ipconfig /release: Release your current IP address.
ipconfig /renew: Renew your IP address from the DHCP server.
5. Troubleshooting DNS
nslookup: Look up the IP address of a domain, and get information about the DNS server being used.
nslookup example.com [DNS server]: Get a second opinion on a domain’s IP address using another DNS server.
6. Copy Output to Clipboard
command | clip: Copy the output of a command to your clipboard.
7. Check MAC Address
getmac /v: Display all MAC addresses for your computer.
8. Power Configuration
powercfg /energy: Check for energy or power issues.
powercfg /batteryreport: Generate a battery report.
9. File Associations
assoc: Show file types and their associated programs.
10. Clean Screen
cls: Clear your command prompt screen.
11. Checking Disk Health
chkdsk /f: Check and repair disk errors.
chkdsk /r: Check and repair physical sector issues.
12. System File Checker
sfc /scannow: Check and repair system files, including DLL files.
13. Deployment Image Servicing and Management (DISM)
dism /online /cleanup-image /checkhealth: Check the health of your system image.
dism /online /cleanup-image /restorehealth: Repair your system image.
14. Task Management
tasklist: List all running tasks.
taskkill /f /pid [PID]: Forcefully terminate a task using its process ID.
15. Network Shell (Netsh)
netsh wlan show wlanreport: Generate a wireless report.
netsh interface show interface: Show your network interfaces.
netsh advfirewall set allprofiles state off: Turn off the Windows Defender Firewall (use cautiously).
16. Ping and Traceroute
ping: Check if a website or server is up and responding.
ping -t: Continuously ping a website or server.
tracert: Trace the route to a website or server.
netstat -a: Display all open ports and connections.
netstat -o: Show process IDs for all connections.
18. System Information
systeminfo: Get detailed information about your computer’s hardware and software.
19. Services Management
sc query: List all services on your computer.
sc start [service_name]: Start a service.
sc stop [service_name]: Stop a service.
sc config [service_name] start= auto: Set a service to start automatically.
20. User Accounts
net user: List all user accounts on your computer.
net user [username]: Display information about a specific user account.
net user [username] /active:yes: Activate a user account.
net user [username] /active:no: Deactivate a user account.
net localgroup administrators [username] /add: Add a user to the administrators group.
21. Windows Management Instrumentation (WMIC)
wmic qfe list: List all installed Windows updates.
wmic process list brief: List running processes with basic information.
22. System Uptime
systeminfo | findstr /c:"System Boot Time": Check your computer’s uptime since the last reboot.
23. Time and Date
time: Display the current time.
date: Display the current date.
24. Remote Desktop Connection
mstsc: Launch the Remote Desktop Connection client.
25. File and Folder Operations
dir: List files and folders in the current directory.
cd: Change the current directory.
md: Create a new folder.
rd: Remove a folder.
del: Delete a file.
xcopy: Copy files and folders, including subfolders.
robocopy: A more advanced file copy command, allowing for various options and settings.
26. Boot Configuration Data Editor
bcdedit: View and edit your computer’s boot configuration data.
27. Event Viewer
wevtutil qe System /c:5 /rd:true /f:text: Query the Event Viewer for the last five System events.
28. Resource Monitor
perfmon: Launch the Resource Monitor to view system performance.
29. Disk Cleanup
cleanmgr: Launch the Disk Cleanup utility.
30. File Compression
compact: Display or alter file compression settings.